Temporal gravity and height changes of the Yellowstone caldera, 1977-1994 Academic Article

abstract

  • This paper describes the longest record of gravity measurements in the area of the Yellowstone caldera, Wyoming. The temporal gravity changes, at the +/-12muGal (10-8ms-2) precision level, are compared with changes in heights from leveling and GPS. The gravity field decreased across the caldera from 1977 to 1983 during the uplift and attained a maximum decrease of up to -60+/-12muGal along the Caldera axis. The gravity field then reversed polarity to increasing values, of up to 60+/-12muGal between 1986 and 1993. The ratio between height and gravity changes varied during the entire time, but converged over the latter period following the free-air gravity gradient. General ground deformation deduced from leveling showed caldera-wide uplift of ~15mm/a during the period of gravity decrease, then from leveling and GPS, subsidence of ~25mm/a during the gravity increase.

authors

publication date

  • 1997

published in

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

volume

  • 24

issue

  • 22

times cited

  • 19